Life for the hard to hear or people with hearing impairment especially children need not be hard; hearing techniques for the differently abled are available in form of traditional and modern ones. The modern techniques are better in that it allows for smoother adaptation for both the teacher and the learner.
Statistics show that one in every a thousand children is born with loss of hearing. Nine out of ten of them are born to parents with full hearing abilities. This shows that this condition can affect anyone really and the only best thing to do is to diagnose it as early as possible. This will improve the chances of restoring the hearing abilities of the child. As for techniques, none is effective on its own. The only one yielding results is the teacher taking their time to learn the student’s capabilities, needs and personality. This way, they will know which technique works best for whom. Hearing techniques for the differently abled are as listed below:
Bilingual-bicultural – this is the use of sign language only to teach. Learning of a language is done though exposing students to words printed on paper.
Auditory or oral – this technique uses the hearing and speech skills to teach. No sign language is included.
Total communication – this method utilizes both the first and the second techniques to give instruction.
Other Techniques That Improve Hearing for the Differently Abled
Early intervention – especially when the child is still in preschool. The survey conducted by a university showed that the hearing challenge is diagnosed when the child is already four to five years. Early diagnosis and intervention could prevent further damage to the ears.
Regular monitoring – this is to monitor and measure progress. It is very important since it is not given that even after using different techniques the children will have learnt to hear and talk successfully. Regular monitoring will help the teacher know what works best and when the technique needs to be changed.
Communication consideration – the way to speak to a child with hearing impairment would be to gain their attention first. One should also talk naturally and in moderate speed. If facial expressions are used, they should not be overdone
Home school environment – the home from where the learner comes from should also be sensitized on the importance of support they are required to accord them. This ensures learning also continues in their home setup.
Residential schools for the deaf – when the learner is straining to grasp the lessons, a boarding school might be necessary. They will not only know that there are others like them but also give teachers maximum attention to help them.
Modified classrooms – the classes to be used by the differently abled should be designed in a manner that allows little disruptive noise, maximum sound production and have proper lighting to aid in visuals.
Mainstreaming and inclusion in general education settings – this will depend on the extent of the hearing abilities of the child. Those with moderate to mild can benefit when included in general education setup. They will learn to hear, observe and speak.